How and Why Do Interviewers Try to Make Impressions on Applicants? A Qualitative Study
The research explored the how and why interviewers try to make impressions on applicants. The goal of this study was to investigate how interviewers try to create impressions on applicants in terms of interviewer impression management(IM) intentions and behaviors and why they engage in these behaviors in terms of intended IM outcomes(Wilhelmy et al., 2016). To reach their goals, applicants and interviewers try to detect what their interaction partner is interested in and try to use this information to send appropriate signals (Bangerter, Roulin, & König, 2012). Furthermore, the study hypothesis stated that we do not know to what degree these interviewer behaviors represent IM in terms of intentional, goal-directed behaviors. For instance, Tullar (1989) examined on-campus interviewer utterances and found that about two thirds of the utterances could be categorized as being structuring (e.g., expanding on a previous statement) and nearly one third as demonstrating equivalence such as mutual identification (e.g., “That is interesting”).
According to the researchers, grounded theory is a qualitative methodology that is particularly appropriate for our study because it has been developed to understand phenomena about which little is known (Glaser & Strauss, 1967)—such as interviewer IM. In addition, grounded theory has been shown to help researchers understand complex social processes (Willig, 2009). Thus, it has been suggested that researchers apply qualitative research strategies, like grounded theory, in employment interview and IM research (cf. Macan, 2009).
The researchers justify the study by stating that, although this study provides valuable insights into how and why interviewers intentionally try to create impressions on applicants, it has its limitations. This study included a range of different interview formats, which allowed us to capture a broad range of IM behaviours (Wilhelmy et al., 2016). According to the research, this study although signaling theory is the framework most often used to explain recruitment phenomena, it is currently not well defined and understood when it comes to organizational representatives’ intentions and deliberate signalling behaviours (Celani & Singh, 2011).
This study used samples to better understand interviewers’ IM behaviours, we studied samples of populations who had first-hand experience with the social interaction processes in employment interviews: people who are regularly conducting employment interviews (i.e., interviewers) and people who had recently been interviewed in several employment interviews (i.e., applicants). We included applicants because signalers (i.e., interviewers) might not always report all the signals they apply(Wilhelmy et al., 2016).
The results of the study were provided in summary . According to the research outcomes, interviewers’ goals and opportunities for IM are likely to differ from applicants’ goals and opportunities. Therefore, to enhance our theoretical understanding of this phenomenon, it is crucial to develop a comprehensive taxonomy and a conceptual model about the deliberate signaling processes on the side of the interviewer in terms of interviewer IM(Wilhelmy et al., 2016).
In the research, the authors adequately identified the problem as the results suggest a shift in the way that we think about interviewers in the employment interview. For instance, our study draws attention to the social nature of the interview and contributes to a more person-centric picture of the interviewer (following suggestions by Weiss & Rupp, 2011).The rationale for research justification was that interviewers are well aware that they may influence applicant impressions and explicitly state their aims to do so. Additionally, the problem statement was consistent with the study from the abstracts , method, results, and discussion because the idea of the problem was portrayed in all the sections. However, a major strength of the study was many in text citations and many arguments from previous scholars. This shows that the researchers consulted other literally materials or works of other scholars prior to carrying out the research). Moreover; some of the referenced materials were not within the past 5 years.
Bangerter et al., 2012; Spence, 1973 as cited in Wilhelmy, A., Kleinmann, M., König, C. J., Melchers, K. G., & Truxillo, D. M. (2016).How and why do interviewers try to make impressions on applicants? A qualitative study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(3), 313-332. doi:10.1037/ap).l0000046
Bangerter, Roulin, & König, 2012 as cited in Wilhelmy, A., Kleinmann, M., König, C. J., Melchers, K. G., & Truxillo, D. M. (2016).How and why do interviewers try to make impressions on applicants? A qualitative study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(3), 313-332. doi:10.1037/ap).l0000046
Celani & Singh, 2011 as cited in Wilhelmy, A., Kleinmann, M., König, C. J., Melchers, K. G., & Truxillo, D. M. (2016).How and why do interviewers try to make impressions on applicants? A qualitative study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(3), 313-332. doi:10.1037/ap).l0000046
Glaser & Strauss, 1967 as cited in Wilhelmy, A., Kleinmann, M., König, C. J., Melchers, K. G., & Truxillo, D. M. (2016).How and why do interviewers try to make impressions on applicants? A qualitative study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(3), 313-332. doi:10.1037/ap).l0000046
Tullar (1989 as cited in Wilhelmy, A., Kleinmann, M., König, C. J., Melchers, K. G., & Truxillo, D. M. (2016).How and why do interviewers try to make impressions on applicants? A qualitative study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(3), 313-332. doi:10.1037/ap).l0000046
Wilhelmy, A., Kleinmann, M., König, C. J., Melchers, K. G., & Truxillo, D. M. (2016).How and why do interviewers try to make impressions on applicants? A qualitative study.Journal of Applied Psychology, 101(3), 313-332. doi:10.1037/ap).l0000046
Why Work with Us
Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers
We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.
Professional and Experienced Academic Writers
We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.
Free Unlimited Revisions
If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee
All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.
Original & Confidential
We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.
24/7 Customer Support
Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.
No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.
Admission Essays & Business Writing Help
An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.
Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.
If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.